This is even more important when it comes to perennial tree crops such as coconuts, since once the coconut palm is planted it becomes a 25 to 30 year-long commitment. For commercial cultivation, there are more than 10 hybrids of coconut are created which have high yielding capacity when cultivation is done under preferred climate condition, soil and with good farm management skills are practiced. Climate & Soil Requirements For Coconut Farming, Chowghat Dwarf Orange (Superior in yield over all others), Selection of Suitable Site for Coconut Plantation. It should be collected at various intervals of time, depending on the maturity. Dwarf cultivars of coconut are also small in height in comparison to the tall coconut cultivar. One can easily create a good income by growing coconut with good farm management skills to obtain maximum fruit production. Sulphate Urea Super Phosphate (single) Ultraphos or Rock Phosphate Muriate of Potash1. Coconut promotes weight loss so is good for weight management. Planting and Management of Coconut Plantations Please Click Here for required page ' PUBLICATIONS --> ADVISORY CIRCULARS ' showing recommendations. However, the optimum temp requirement for healthy plant growth and food production is 22° C to 32 ° C along with more than 60 relative humidity. Aloe Vera Farming Benefits,Plant Irrigation,Information…. It removes insulin and also removes the free radicals which are beneficial in provides protection against degenerative disease. The coconut palm is referred to as 'Kalpavriksha' - the 'tree of heaven' as each and every part of the palm is useful to mankind in one way or other. Coconut oil contains more than 90 % of saturated fats along with few unsaturated fatty acids in a little amount including monounsaturated fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, etc. The major pests and insects of coconut palm include the following: Rhinoceros beetleRed palm weevilSlug CaterpillarBlack-headed caterpillarEriophyid Mite of CoconutCockchafer beetleCoreid bugMealybugsWhite grubTermiteRats.Controlling Measure: For controlling measure of pests and insects in palm suitable remedial should be adopted when required.Coconut Diseases And Their Management. Laccadive OrdinaryBenaulimAndaman OrdinaryLaccadive MicroPhilippinesJavaTipturCochin-ChinaTallKappadamKomadanCoconut Plantation and Production, Selection of Suitable Site for Coconut Plantation. For coconut cultivation in low-lying areas, form mounds at a height of one meter above from the water level whereas for the slopes and terrains, counter terracing cultivation should be practiced. Basically, it is a tropical plant crop that is mostly grown between the 20° S to 20° N latitudes by the growers. The water requirement of palms varies in accordance with the soil type, climate and weather conditions. Your email address will not be published. However, below is a table showing the avg yield of various variety or cultivars. If you are planting your tree inside, use a pot that is at least 10 inches (25 cm) deep and has a diameter large enough to accommodate the seed. However, following is a table showing recommended spacing for the various coconut planting system. The kernel of coconut, commonly known as copra is eaten for its energy boosting feature and the excellent medicinal value. But never irrigate the seedlings and young palm till their age of two years by seawater whereas, for irrigated palm garden, the interruption of irrigation may lead to set back in production and regular palm growth. Whereas for laterite soils having underlying rocks, the pit size should be 1.25 meter X 1.25 meter X 1.25 meter. The kernel or nut of coconut is full of water, a great thirst quencher all over the world. At this stage, seedlings have about 5 fo 8 leaves with collar girth around 10 cm. Lay-outing and Planting Triangular system of planting coconut is recommended with rows laid out in a north-south direction. Like animal species, however, tree species vary in so many ways that the only simple answer is: It depends. One can easily create a good income by growing coconut with good farm management skills to obtain maximum fruit production. Generally, an adult coconut palm needs water about 800 liters in an interval of seven days. After planting the coconut, move the container to a well lit, warm spot – the warmer the better. For commercial cultivation, there are more than 10 hybrids of coconut are created which have high yielding capacity when cultivation is done under preferred climate condition, soil and with good farm management skills are practiced. Watermelon Plant Farming | Cultivation | Seeds Information | Profit….. Onion Farming Production Guide & Information for Beginners…. Lauric acidLinoleic acidCapric acidCaprylic acidCaproic acidOleic acid &Myristic acidUnsaturated fatty acids, Poly-phenolsBetainesEthoxylatesEthanolamideFatty polysorbatesFatty ChloridesFatty EstersFatty alcohol sulfateFatty alcohol ether sulfateIronMonoglyceridesPolyol EstersVitamin E andVitamin KClimate & Soil Requirements For Coconut Farming. Also, try to add about 1.5 kg of common salt to each of the pits to improve the physical condition of soils for plantation on laterite. You can plant coconut trees by leaving a gap of 5 to 6 feet from the edges and approximately 16-feet gap between two trees. Quantity of fertilizer to be applied (gm)Ammo. This will helps in the better establishment of seedling on the field before heavy rains. Excellent source of energy and also improve the athletic performance. The spacing in coconut planting or plantation varies according to the system of coconut planting, and soil type. Water should be given to the base or basins of palm. At this stage, seedlings have about 5 fo 8 leaves with collar girth around 10 cm. The first irrigation should be given, just after the transplanting of seedling on the ground. Usually, harvesting should be done at their tender age for water purpose. Selecting your coconut tree. Then, make a small pit in this so that the plant seedling along with nut can accommodate in it. Have a soil test, before starting the coconut farming. Coconut Farming: Planting Distance & Cultivation Technology…. Whereas for laterite soils having underlying rocks, the pit size should be 1.25 meter X 1.25 meter X 1.25 meter. The Virgin coconut oil (VCO) obtained from the fresh coconut kernel or nut without any kind of chemical processing is plentiful in minerals, vitamins, and anti-oxidants because which it is known as ‘mother of all oils”. Coconut farming or coconut production business is really fun providing profitable. Liyanage and Dassanayake (1993) suggest that in future replanting or new planting programmes avenue planting system should be … Ensure enough moisture supply either through irrigation or through rainfall, well distributed throughout the year before starting coconut plantation.Always avoid shallow soils, underlying hard rock for planting coconut.Also, avoid low lying areas and clayey soils in which water stagnation problem occurs frequently.Planting Material. Even the husk of coconut is also used widely by the sizable coir industry. Also, try to give frequent irrigation to this crop for the 1st two years of the seedling plantation on the field during hot and dry months. They are also monoecious. Coconuts are an excellent source of energy and have great application in our life. 1989) the Coconut Research Institute has undertaken trials with a hedge planting system of 30 × 18 feet (9.14 × 5.48 m) and an avenue system of 10 × 5 m or 200 trees ha-1 in the drier parts of the Intermediate Zone (Liyanage and Dassanayake, 1993). The seedlings were raised from only selected seed nuts of coconut for healthy growth rate and optimum production. For pure stand planting, prepare large size planting holes. The coconut production plays an important role in the economy of the world and has acquired a place in the agriculture. Average temperature needs to be 75 degrees minimum. Staking is done to ease in locating where the tree will be planted. In Sri Lanka (Anon. For coconut cultivation in low-lying areas, form mounds at a height of one meter above from the water level whereas for the slopes and terrains, counter terracing cultivation should be practiced. There are lots of health benefits of coconut of which, few are listed below, Coconut is full of minerals, vitamins, nutrients and other fatty and nonfatty acids.Coconut promotes weight loss so is good for weight management.Coconut is anti-viral, anti-fungal, antibacterial, and anti-parasite which helps in boosting immune health.It improves insulin secretion and treats symptoms of diabetes.Excellent source of energy and also improve the athletic performance.It removes insulin and also removes the free radicals which are beneficial in provides protection against degenerative disease.It also improves the thyroid function.It improves cholesterol (HDL) and also minimize the heart healthIt is also beneficial in providing protection from bladder infection and kidney diseaseIt is also beneficial for keeping hair shiny and skin glowing and healthyIt also removes the wrinkles, age spots, and also provide protection sun.That is why, there is great demand for coconut products such as coconut oil, coconut kernel or nut (copra), coconut water, etc. However, more leaves of seedling in less time are excellent for coconut farming to obtain good fruit and nut production. However, for coconut production, drip irrigation is the best suitable and most convenient way of irrigation. Coconut farming or coconut production business is really fun providing profitable. However, for planting in the low-lying region, the transplantation of seedling should be carried out after the end of monsoon. These two are dwarf cultivar and tall cultivar. Coconut is full of minerals, vitamins, nutrients and other fatty and nonfatty acids. In pentagonal type of planting, seedlings are placed in such a way that one plant is planted in centre and four plants at a distance of eight feet in all four directions. Tress should be an important part of the human culture in India and at least one tree per year has to plant by an individual. The container needs to be around 12 inches (30.5 cm.) Choosing your coconut trees properly is an important first step before the coconut seeding and planting process. However, the pit size for planting seedling varies according to the soil type and soil water table. Coconut palm is mainly propagated through seedlings. Planting system SpacingTriangular Planting System 7.5 meters at each of the triangle pointSquare planting system 7.5 meter X 7.5 meter or 8 meter X 8 meter, or 9 meter X 9 meter.Single Row planting system 6.5 meters for row spacing & 9 meters between plantsDouble Hedge planting system 6.5 meters for row spacing & 9 meters between pair of rows. The presence of water within 3 meters and absence of any hard sub. It provides food, drink, fuel and timber. The scientific and botanical name of coconut is Cocos nucifera which belongs to the family “Arecaceae (Palm family)”  and to the genus “Cocos”. Coconut palms can be classified according to the size and stature of the palm, and are referred to as Talls and Dwarfs. 13.9K views View 2 Upvoters Then, make a small pit in this so that the plant seedling along with nut can accommodate in it. However, a spacing of 7.5 to 10 m is practiced in various coconut growing regions of the country. If you are planting a tree near a fence, you may hope for a formula you can use to determine the ideal distance between them. Space the trees approximately 20 feet apart to allow proper light filtration between the palms. For planting coconut on loamy soils having a low water table, an avg pit size of 1 meter X 1 meter X 1 meter is recommended. The water requirement of palms varies in accordance with the soil type, climate and weather conditions. Prawn Farming Guide At Home For Beginners | Cultivation…. Try to harvest them on the different interval of time since, in a well-maintained coconut orchard, bunches produced frequently. There are two kinds of coconut cultivar or hybrid are available in the world. Detailed Information & Guide…. The challenge actually comes from the tree either leaning on the house or from things falling right on to the house, or people walking below etc. Then after, the irrigation should be carried out on the basis of palm requirements. For manuring and fertilizing in coconut cultivation, used the different types of organic manures such as farmyard manure, compost, bone meal, neem cake, groundnut cake, blood meal, fish meal, etc. Coconut palms grow well in sandy areas near beaches as well as in the home landscape. 30 x 30 x 90 cm (1 x 1 x 3 ft) at a spacing of 8 x 8 m (30 x 30 ft) apart on the square. General recommendation: (a) Average Management:3 months old 1/10 of full dose 165 75 95 60 1151 year old 1/3 of full dose 550 250 320 200 3802 year old 2/3 of full dose 1100 500 640 400 7603 year older and later full dose 1650 750 950 600 1140Recommended Doses: (b) Good management:3 months old 1/10 of full dose 250 110 180 115 2001 year old 1/3 of full dose 800 360 590 380 6702 year old 2/3 of full dose 1675 720 1180 760 13403 year old and later full dose 2000 1080 1780 1140 20102. Then after, the irrigation should be carried out on the basis of palm requirements. Remove the plastic bag and … Have a soil test, before starting the coconut farming. Lift the palm out of the nursery pot and set it in the planting hole. For a larger coconut tree, you will want to use the Rootwell. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh are the major coconut producing states in India accounting for more than 90 per cent o… It not only saves water but also saves the energy and labor. As we know that palm tree thrives their best under some preferred conditions such as there should not be any hard sub up to a depth of 2 meters and the soil should have good water holding capacity with proper drainage. Ensure enough moisture supply either through irrigation or through rainfall, well distributed throughout the year before starting coconut plantation. The economic life of dwarf coconut cultivar is shorter than the tall cultivar of coconut. Note: The manuring requirements of palm may vary if there is any deficiency in the soil. The selected high-quality seedling of coconut should be transplanted on the field as sooner as the monsoon start while growing coconut under irrigation conditions, the plantation should be carried out at least three to four week before starting of monsoon. However, more leaves of seedling in less time are excellent for coconut farming to obtain good fruit and nut production. Also, the harvesting frequency also depends on the palms yield. In addition to this, the coconut oil has wide application in manufacturing cosmetic goods. The spacing in coconut planting or plantation varies according to the system of coconut planting, and soil type. Goat Farming Business Plan ,Profit and Guide, Aloe Vera Farming Business Plan ,Profit and Guide, Vermicompost Project, Process and Preparation Guide, Terrace (Step) farming Inca; Advantages and Disadvantages, Mushroom Farming Commercial Business, Cultivation ,Procedure, Quail Farming For Egg & Meat Production for Beginners, Pomegranate Farming Cultivation Information Guide, Sandalwood [Chandan] Tree Cultivation Business Plan, Dairy Farming Business Plan Guide & Information, How to Start Dairy Farming Business Plan | Guide & Information, Guava Farming Planting, Spacing & Cultivation Techniques. It also removes the wrinkles, age spots, and also provide protection sun. In Coconut Farming, spacing depends upon the planting system, soil type, etc. Lay-outing and Planting Triangular system of planting coconut is recommended with rows laid out in a north-south direction. Provide a means of support through stacking with bamboo so that heavy winds do not uproot the young seedlings. Fruit tree planting distances guide This guide helps you to calculate the distances you should allow between your fruit trees. That’s all folks about the cultivation of hybrid coconut and planting methods. So, once the irrigation started in palm garden, it should be continued at regular interval and systematically. For dwarf and Pandan coconut cultivars the planting distance are 7.25 m x 6.25 m x 5.93 meter with planting density of 220 plants/ hectare. Also, for the sandy soils, the pit size should be not more than 0.75 meter X 0.75 meter X 0.75 meter. Watermelon Plant Farming | Cultivation | Seeds Information | Profit, Orange Farming Techniques Cultivation and Plant Guide, Avocado Fruit Farming | Cultivation | How to Grow Avocado. Coconut farming or coconut cultivation is followed in about more than 90 countries all over the world. The distance between palms in a row should be 9 m x 9 m to 10 m x 10 m for tall varieties and 8 m x 8 m to 8.5 m x 8.5 m for dwarf hybrid coconuts. In plantations, the number of trees per acre is determined by measuring the distance between rows and the distance between trees within a row. Pineapple Farming | Cultivation | How To Grow Pineapples?….. How to start Soybean Farming? Basically, it is a tropical plant crop that is mostly grown between the 20° S to 20° N latitudes by the growers. Apply it to plant when there is high moisture content in the soil. Land preparation also plays an important role in the yield or nut production. depends upon distances between individual tree stems. Make basins of palm in such a way that it have 15 to 20 cm depth and diameter of 3.5 meters. In recent years, tree species like clove, nutmeg and cinnamon have been introduced and planted in the center of four coconut palms spaced 7.5 m apart. Not only do palms produce coconuts, but also dates, betel nuts, and acai fruit. So, add about 30 to 40 kg of organic manure depending on the soil fertility and productivity to each of the palms at every year in the beginning of monsoon. Use wider spacing when intercropping with tree crops such as citrus, cocoa or mango. Rambutan fruits are packed full of vitamins and minerals and can even aid in weight loss. 7.5 meter X 7.5 meter or 8 meter X 8 meter, or 9 meter X 9 meter. After planting into the pit, fill it with the topmost soil and press it well to avoid the water stagnation problem. Plant the coconut point side down and leave one-third of the coconut above the soil. Generally, an adult coconut palm needs water about 800 liters in an interval of seven days. The Virgin coconut oil (VCO) obtained from the fresh coconut kernel or nut without any kind of chemical processing is plentiful in minerals, vitamins, and anti-oxidants. The Virgin coconut oil (VCO) obtained from the fresh coconut kernel or nut without any kind of chemical processing is plentiful in minerals, vitamins, and anti-oxidants. deep to allow for the roots to grow properly. For planting in field border as a single row, adopt 20' spacing between plants. Put Sevidol 8G @5gm per each pit before transplanting to minimize the chances of white-ant attack. Coconut is anti-viral, anti-fungal, antibacterial, and anti-parasite which helps in boosting immune health. The planting distance for tall variety are 8.5m x 6.5 meter distance (row-to-row and Field drain and 7.5 meter distance (in a row) or distance from palm to palm giving 178 plants /hectare. Also, for the sandy soils, the pit size should be not more than 0.75 meter X 0.75 meter X 0.75 meter. Coconut | Scientific Name & Botanical Name. Also, avoid low lying areas and clayey soils in which water stagnation problem occurs frequently. 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