Do not capitalize the first item after the colon (unless it's a proper noun). Use a colon to introduce an item or a series of items. You can use a colon, as in the example above: This criticism can be interpreted in various ways: as an attack on Shakespeare’s presumption [etc. A colon can be used to introduce a list when the introductory phrase is an independent clause. I … Essays normally follow a strict structure, but every so often, some thing comes alongside to debris with that structure. When writing a list in sentence style, your introduction should be an independent clause, otherwise the colon is not justified. You can introduce bullet points (or any vertical list) with a colon. ]. Introduction to lists. You may be required to bring many things: sleeping bags, pans, utensils, and warm clothing. Create list relationships - Create a relationship between two lists, in the source list, you create a lookup column that retrieves (or "looks up") one or more values from a target list if those values match the value in the lookup column in the source list. Colons Can Introduce Quotations. Introduction to lists. Rule 2: this symbol can be used in between two sentences as long as the second clause illustrates the purpose or meaning of the first. Introducing a list. Examples: You know what to do: practice. The categories listed below often overlap, so don’t worry too much about whether your intended use of the colon fits one category perfectly. If it is used to highlight a list in a sentence, then the first clause must be independent. My garden has four kinds of flowers: daffodils, tulips, roses, and chrysanthemums. Examples to Make the Point. If each item on the list is a complete sentence, you should always capitalize the first letter and finish with a period (or question mark or exclamation point, if appropriate). Words like “including” or “such as” are often used to introduce examples that further explain something mentioned in the sentence. Essays may need to encompass lists that could throw off the design, structure, and grammar of the piece. The list or series can also come before a summary statement: Harry's rejoinder was equally emphatic. When using a colon to introduce a list in this way, capitalization and ending punctuation aren’t always necessary. This page has examples of colons before lists and an interactive exercise. Introduce the series and then write out the series after a colon. To announce, introduce, or direct attention to a list, a noun or noun phrase, a quotation, or an example/explanation. Consider the following sentences that preface a list with include: If the list of items is quite a long one, you also need to use punctuation to introduce it. Rule 1: a colon can be used to introduce a list in a sentence or one that is numbered or bulleted. To introduce a list of items. However, a colon is not always needed to introduce a list. Colons are also commonly used in prose to introduce quotations. "Rain, sleet, snow, hail, sun: an umbrella will work for me, Mabel." Colons can introduce a list, while commas are used to separate items in a list. You can use a colon to draw attention to many things in your writing. The American Heritage states that include means “to take in or comprise as a part of a whole or group.” Likewise Merriam-Webster’s emphasizes that “Include suggests the containment of something as a constituent, component, or subordinate part of a larger whole.”. Make sure not to use a colon after the verbs to be or to include. 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