160 kinds 7. Ciri-ciri Colorado State University web pages do not endorse any commercial providers or their products. Habitat: Riparian. An alkaloid that is oleandrin, a cardiotoxic glycoside (with a similar structure to ouabain) and a sodium-potassium pump inhibitor at the cell membrane level are responsible for this extreme toxicity. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). An annotated checklist of the Italian vascular flora, Palombi Editore. – Acta Plantarum – Flora of the Italian Regions. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Distribution. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Arizona Native Status: Introduced. Etymology – The oleander, for the great variety of colors is cultivated to beautify gardens and in the south to plant the streets. Water regularly but let plant soils dry out between waterings. It branches into erect branches, commonly reaches a height of 1.5 m, and may even reach a height of 4 m. The branches are elastic. Planta arbustiva que se puede formar como árbol de porte pequeño, de hojas perennes de un verde intenso, cuyas hojas, flores, tallos, ramas y semillas son venenosas. – Conti F., Abbate G., Alessandrini A., Blasi C. (edited by), 2005. General Habitat. The oleander fears the cold, it thrives well in its phytoclimatic zone that provides temperate places, sunny and sheltered from the cold. The plant, suitable to USDA Hardiness Zones 8 to 11, grows to between 6 and 20 feet in height. Nerium verecundum Salisb. Hardy to U.S. … It is drought tolerant, and is extensively used in landscaping along highways. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. Datasheet Type(s): Invasive Species, Host Plant. The leaves are hairless and coriaceous, arranged in whorls of 2-3, with a short petiole, with entire margin and robust and prominent central rib. Common Name: Oleander. It can live in many different kinds of habitats that other plants could never survive in. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Common Name: Evergreen Oleander 6. altogether ca. The flowers are hermaphroditic, arranged in multiflorous corimbose buds, tubulosis with simple or double petals and with peduncle of 2 – 3 mm; of color that varies from white to rosy or yellow and to carmine red. The specific epithet oleander is derived from arodándrum, corruption of the Greek ῥοδοδένδρον rhododéndron, term to its cultured from the Greek ῥόδον rhódon rose and from δένδρον déndron tree: for the color of the flowers of many species of this genus. Oleander is also grown as a potted house plant in northern climates. Nerium oleander is planted in many subtropical and tropical areas of the world. Death comes by cardio-respiratory collapse. In its natural state it can not withstand temperatures below -5, -7 degrees Celsius. Furthermore its toxic properties have been used as a “weapon” for the murder described in the film White Oleander. Leaves narrow-elliptic to lanceolate, 6–20 cm long, 10–30 mm wide, apex acute, base tapered, margins entire, lamina leathery, both surfaces ?glabrous, lower surface paler; secondary veins > 30; petiole mm long. Common Name: Oleander. 1. Flowering plant in native habitat ... often including uses and habitat.]. LT: Herb. The leaf is glabrous, lanceolate, and is carried on a … Uses and Traditions – Blossom: In warm areas all-year, otherwise May to October 11. panicles in white or rose-coloured 12. It is most commonly known as oleander, from its superficial resemblance to the unrelated olive Olea. Nerium is widely cultivated and over 400 varieties have been described, but there is just 1 species in the genus. Geographic Distribution and Habitat – The Nerium oleander is a species perhaps native to Asia but it is natural and spontaneous in the Mediterranean regions, with an area limited to the Mediterranean coasts, coinciding with that of the Olive tree. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. The plant belongs to the family Apocynaceae (the dogbane family), one of the largest plant families. Nerium oleander is either native or naturalized to a broad area spanning from Northwest Africa and Iberian peninsula eastward through the Mediterranean region, to the Arabian peninsula, southern Asia, and as far east as Yunnan in southern parts of China. Medik. Oleander vulgaris Medik. For its cultivation technique, the following sheet can be consulted. Nor does Colorado State University warrant that the use of this information is free of any claims of copyright infringement. If swallowed it leads to: bradycardia and increased respiration rate, gastric disorders, including vomiting, nausea and burning, disturbances on the central nervous system, including drowsiness. Nerium oleanderes una especie nativa de la cuenca del Mediterráneo hasta la región al sureste de China, limítrofe con Vietnam. These cookies do not store any personal information. (0 ratings) 0. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Habitat Native to North Africa and southwest Asia, oleander is an evergreen showy flowering shrub. Clifford: 76, Nerium 1 [beta]; ; (BM-000558145) LT designated by Stearn in Davis (ed. Habit & habitat, Etymology & pronunciation, Other interesting information, stories etc., Others, Botanical names, Common names, Main point of discussion below, Discussion about Botanical names. Oleander, bunga mentega atau bunga jepun (Nerium oleander) adalah tanaman perdu anggota keluarga Apocynaceae yang menghasilkan bunga sepanjang tahun Bunga jepun berasal dari Afrika bagian utara, bagian timur Mediterania dan juga Asia Tenggara. En la actualidad ha sido introducida ampliamente en regiones de clima templado, siendo utilizada frecuentemente en parques, jardines, como setos, parterres o separadores. Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub. About Nerium oleander Plant : Habit : A small shrub with milky juice present. Habitat of the herb: River banks and river gravels in Europe. This naturalized and widely cultivated garden and landscaping plant is native to the Mediterranean region. Oleander indica (Mill.) It also needs lots of sunlight and does not like to live in areas that have temperatures below freezing. It is said that its fried stems were the deadly cause among Napoleon’s soldiers who used them for roasters: the fire distilled its glycosides that mixed with the meat causing poisoning. Apuleius narrates, in his “Metamorphoses” that Lucio was transformed into a donkey and while he was looking for the roses that had to give him the human form, he was deceived by the flowers of oleander but before he bit into it he noticed his danger. Because of its toxic properties, in the countryside of some Italian regions, the plant is called “horse killing” or “ass kill”. Between waterings Pharmacy of the plant can cause irritation whilst ingestion of only leaf! By Dr. Tony Knight in 2001 function properly sunlight and does not like live... Tolerate long seasons of drought and poor soils to procure user consent prior to running these cookies and Asia. Lanceolate, and is carried on a … Scientific Name: Nerium oleander is! 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